The Brabant village Oisterwijk and Operation Market Garden
The bridge at Son
On 17 september, shortly after the parachute landings of the 101st Airborne Division
near Son, the whole 1st battalion of the 506th regiment found its way to one of their
main objectives, the swing bridge over the Wilhelmina canal in Son.
To take any Germans at the bridge by surprise a route trough the surrounding woods
of Son was taken.
The intension of the troops was to flank attack and destroy any Germans defending
When the troops came close to their target they discovered a German FLAK battery
consisting out of two 88 mm guns, mortars and machine guns protecting the bridge.
This battery had already been noticed and briefed to the British in Belgium by the
local resistance but apparently this information hadn’t reached the Americans because
otherwise they wouldn’t have chosen this route to the bridge.
When the troops came in sight of the guns, after coming from the protection of the
woods, the German laid down a horrific fire.
This unexpected fire resulted in a heavy slaughter under the troops and no sooner
the gunfire was followed by man to man fights with the Germans in a park behind a
In this sanatorium, that already had taken a direct hit during the artillery barrage
from the 88’s, about one hundred TBS-patients where being treated.
Witnessed by the patients hand grenades flew all about and many Americans were severely
wounded and some were killed.
The fast advance of the 1st battalion was clearly stopped.
Meanwhile, after they had gathered near their drop zone with considerable delay,
the 2nd and 3rd battalion of the 506th came in over the main road to Son.
Also these troops came in to sight of the 88’s and had to retreat after the Germans
put them under fire.
By taking another route around the houses adjacent the main road the men were able
to approach the guns and take out the crews that were manning them.
Of the three bridges over the Wilhelmina canal two had already been destroyed by
the Germans and the bridge at Son was also prepared to be blown.
Because 2nd battalion was under the impression that 3rd battalion would have already
taken the bridge the houses leading to the canal bridge where systematically cleared
When the troops up front subsequently reached the canal bridge within a few yards
yards the Germans detonated their explosives and blew the bridge.
Now there was no way to cross the canal anymore and the Americans had to quickly
search for another way to cross the canal.
But the Americans were lucky, the local resistance had been able to provide a substantial
amount of heavy timber which was kept behind from the Germans and could now be used
by engineers to temporary repair the bridge.
Sadly though the 506th PIR’s objective to reach Eindhoven before 20.00 hrs that evening
and hook up with the first tanks of the British 30 Corps would not be met.